Modeling for Biodiversity and Climate Change

NEPAL

The Modeling for Biodiversity and Climate Change in Nepal project assesses biodiversity in several categories linked to agricultural resilience and sustainable pest control across an altitude transect in the Chitwan-Annapurna landscape of central Nepal.

Country Profile

This fact sheet presents an overview of the work we’re doing in Nepal and country information.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Description

This project assesses biodiversity in several categories linked to agricultural resilience and sustainable pest management. Using research done by students at Tribhuvan University in Kathmandu and Agricultural and Forestry University in Chitwan, this project looks at the effect of climate change on the biodiversity of crops, pests, pollinators, decomposers, and alien invasive species across an altitudinal transect in the Chitwan-Annapurna landscape of central Nepal. Climate change is an important factor in agricultural yields through its effects on the distribution of pests and invasive species.

Over 60% of Nepal’s population relies on agriculture as an economic mainstay. Insects, slugs, rodents, and other pests are responsible for consuming 20-35% of crops. Widely marketed synthetic pesticides are commonly used to kill pests, but with few farmers trained in proper pest application, this indiscriminate pesticide use can cause illness and sometimes even death. Pesticide use also causes negative ecological impacts: pests become resistant to the applied chemicals while valuable species, such as insect predators, pollinators, and endangered macrofauna, are killed.

As a project based on student research, it supports Ph.D. and M.S. students in science and technology fields and builds technical capacity for applied biodiversity research in Nepal through the Scholar Training Program, which will include collaborative student mentoring, technical workshops, and conferences.

This project aims to reduce poverty and hunger and bring science-based solutions sustainable enterprise solutions to Nepal. It
also makes women and nutrition central to funded research, actively seeks to engage women in the participatory learning process, and works with the community and align ourselves with the efforts of our partners.

Current Project Objectives

  • Reduce poverty and hunger and bring science-based solutions sustainable enterprise solutions to Nepal.
  • Focus on smallholder farmers and herders to increase productivity, adapt to climate change, and manage invasive plants and pests.
  • Build eco-clusters of village enterprises by engaging local businesses, local government, NGOs, and community cooperatives, and connecting with agribusiness support services and local agro-vet companies for job creation and employment.
  • Capitalize on our experience in Nepal and with its institutions.
  • Make women and nutrition central to funded research.
  • Use data to create a culture of translational research and scalability.
  • Work with the community and align ourselves with the efforts of our partners.
  • Actively seek to engage women in the participatory learning process.
  • Identify approximately 15 early-career researcher in collaboration with our unveristy partners in Nepal who are interested in executing thesis research through innovative approaches, fresh perspectives, and community-based fieldwork, leading to about 5 Ph.D. and 10 M.S. dissertations in science and technology fields.

Pramod Kumar Jha: Principal Investigator

Ecology and Resource Management, Tribhuvan University

Nepal

Co-Principal Investigators/Collaborators

Mohan Siwakoti

Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University

Nepal

Bharat Babu Shrestha

Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University

Nepal

Anjana Devkota

Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University

Nepal

Sanjay Kumar Jha

Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University

Nepal

Naba Raj Devkota

Professor, Agriculture and Forestry University

Nepal

Mohan Sharma

Professor, Agriculture and Forestry University

Nepal

Madan Lall Shrestha

Academician, Nepal Academy of Science and Technology

Nepal